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This special benefit reading is Pay What You Can. All of our current programs are FREE If you’re able, please consider making a donation with your registration to support our online activity and our return to in-person programming. THANK YOU.



directed by JESSE BERGER
Recorded Monday, June 14, 2021 


Directed by Jesse Berger

with emendations & elaborations by Jesse Berger and Jeffrey Hatcher

Featuring André De Shields AS VOLPONE | Jordan Boatman | Sofiya Cheyenne | Franchelle Stewart Dorn | Clifton Duncan | Amy Jo Jackson | Peter Francis James | Hamish Linklater | Roberta Maxwell | Sam Morales | Kristine Nielsen | Mary Testa | Shannon Wicks

Visual Design by John Arnone   

Costume Design by Rodrigo Muñoz

      From original designs by Clint Ramos

Original Music & Sound Design by Scott Killian

Properties Design by Faye Armon-Troncoso

Meet Volpone, the rich old magnifico, whose ingenious schemes and farcical scams dupe his wealthy friends into showering him with gold. This feast of extraordinary language and outrageous characters is a merciless satire that delightfully skewers the selfish manipulations of hypocrites—without excusing the greed and gullibility of their victims. Against scoundrels cloaked in propriety and legal dodgings, the virtuous are practically defenseless—and even the judge is on the make.  Is Volpone the sly fox...or the outfoxed?

VOLPONE premiered LIVE on Monday, June 14.  The recording of that livestream was available until 7:00 PM EDT Friday, June 18. 

Bull Session
Bull Session.png


Thursday, June 17, 2021 | 7:30 PM EDT


An interactive discussion with director Jesse Berger, scholar Jean E. Howard and members of the company.

Red Bull Theater wishes to express its gratitude to the Performers’ Unions: ACTORS’ EQUITY ASSOCIATION, AMERICAN GUILD OF MUSICAL ARTISTS, AMERICAN GUILD OF VARIETY ARTISTS, and SAG-AFTRA through Theatre Authority, Inc. for their cooperation in permitting the Artists to appear in this program.


In order of appearance

Volpone, a Magnifico André De Shields

Mosca, his Parasite | Hamish Linklater

Nano, one of Volpone’s gamesters Sofiya Cheyenne

Castrone, one of Volpone’s gamesters Shannon Wicks

Androgyno, one of Volpone’s gamesters Amy Jo Jackson

Voltore, a Lawyer Peter Francis James

Corbaccio, an old Gentleman Roberta Maxwell

Corvino, a Merchant Kristine Nielsen

Celia, the Merchant’s wife Jordan Boatman

Bonario, a young Gentleman, Corbaccio’s son Clifton Duncan

Fine Madam Would-Be, an English Lady Mary Testa

Avocatore, the Magistrate Franchelle Stewart Dorn

Attendants, Servants, Commendatori, Officers Sam Morales

–There will be one 10-minute intermission–


Visual Design JOHN ARNONE

Costume Design RODRIGO MUÑOZ
        (from original designs by CLINT RAMOS)

Original Music & Sound Design SCOTT KILLIAN


OBS Design & Execution JESSICA FORNEAR


Producing Director ​NATHAN WINKELSTEIN


Costume Assistant SOFIA PRADO

Assistant Zoom Manager SARAH PRESTON

Special thanks to the St. Louis Shakespeare Festival
for its assistance with this presentation,
especially to Susan Rowe Jennings and Colin O’Brien.


Production Assistant  to André De Shields SARAH LUEDLOFF


Jonson set most of his comedies in early modern London, but for Volpone he chose Venice. In the Renaissance, Venice was a wealthy center of trade where luxury products from the East made their way into Europe, but it was also famous for its Republican political structures, its art and its courtesans. In Volpone, Jonson used Venice to signify both wealth and moral decadence.


The play opens with the main character, Volpone, making a rapturous speech to his gold. Nearly every other character is also in thrall to this “dumb god,” and to attain more and more wealth these Venetians are ready to prostitute their wives, disinherit their sons and defile their honor. The action of Volpone exposes and satirizes the actions of its avaricious characters, but it does so with dazzling ingenuity. The play is dominated by a magnificent con artist, Volpone, and his tricky servant Mosca. Together they dupe the well-off doctors, lawyers and merchants of Venice into giving rich gifts to Volpone, who pretends to be near death, in the hope that one of them can become his heir. Jonson underscores the predatory logic of the play by playing with the conventions of the beast fable in which the actions of humans are figured by animals. Volpone’s name means “fox,” and he is visited by the lawyer Voltore or “vulture,” the merchant Corvino or “crow,” and a rich old miser named Corbaccio or “raven.” Just as in nature when a fox pretends to be dead in order to attract birds of prey that the fox then snatches in its jaws, so Volpone, feigning every manner of illness, lays in wait for the human birds who circle around his “deathbed.” In all his scams Volpone is brilliantly helped and guided by Mosca, whose name means “fly,” a carrion-loving insect. Mosca is one of Jonson’s great creations, a figure who can play any part, assume any humor and subtly seduce his prey into Volpone’s traps, even as he sets his own. And yet as in any good fable, the ending must surprise.

Volpone, more perhaps than any other Jonsonian comedy, takes risks in its concluding scenes, stretching comedy to its limit as the tricksters dangerously over-reach themselves and slam up against the harsh strictures of Venetian law. In the vice-ridden world that Jonson creates in Volpone, figures of virtue appear to be mostly ineffective. Besides a ridiculously loquacious woman named Lady Politic Would-Be, the play boasts only one other named woman character, the chaste and beautiful Celia, unhappy wife of the jealous Corvino. In a Shakespearean romantic comedy, Celia would probably be a spirited protagonist, witty and clever. In Volpone, although she is a consistent voice for grace, she figures mainly as the helpless victim of her husband’s jealousy and Volpone’s lust. In this play, the vice-ridden characters have both the energy and the power, and they are foiled not by forces of good but by themselves.


BEN JONSON (1572–1637) was one of the greatest poets and playwrights of the English Renaissance. Born in London and apprenticed to a bricklayer, Jonson by his twenties was making his living as a writer. He wrote numerous plays for the theatre; most of them were satirical comedies, such as Volpone (1606), Epicoene (1609), The Alchemist (1610) and Bartholomew Fair (1616). Set in bustling urban spaces, these dramas skewered the vices and follies of social climbers and those who lacked manners, learning or self-knowledge. Jonson also authored several tragedies set in ancient Rome as well as poems and masques—royal entertainments that honored the monarch, James I, before whom they were performed. Jonson never went to university, but he was exceedingly proud of his learning. In 1616 he published a large and beautiful folio edition of his plays, poems and masques modeled on the great Renaissance editions of classical writers. A contemporary of William Shakespeare, Jonson wrote a dedicatory poem for the much more modest 1623 folio edition of Shakespeare’s works produced seven years after his death by members of his acting company. In this poem, Jonson noted that Shakespeare had “small Latin and less Greek,” but he generously praised his fellow playwright as “the soul of the age/The applause, delight, the wonder of our stage!” In his later years, a fire destroyed Jonson’s library and many of his own manuscripts, and he was weakened by illness. He died a poor man and was buried in Westminster Abbey under a gravestone that simply says: “O rare Ben Jonson.”

Jean E. Howard |George Delacorte Professor of the Humanities, Columbia University

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